What is Tinnitus? What Causes It And What Are The Treatment Options?

Tinnitus or ringing of sound in the ear is not a sign of serious health condition. However, it can become bothersome at times. Some people hear whistling, buzzing, hissing or swishing sound. The sound may be constant, intermittent, pulsating or steady. Moreover, it may arise from both ears or only one. If you have the same problem, visit an ENT specialist in Islamabad.

You may feel tinnitus more when your background noise is low like when you are trying to sleep or concentrate on a task. It can bother you at times and may interfere with your mental health.

Rarely tinnitus is a sign of a serious problem. Almost everyone has had it in a lifetime. After attending a concert, you may hear a sound for some time. Generally, it is short-lived tinnitus that relieves in some time. If it continues for a long time like six months, it is called chronic tinnitus.

What Causes Tinnitus?

At times, ear infection or a blockage may cause tinnitus. However, a majority of people who complain about it have been exposed to prolonged exposure to loud noises.
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Many of them have a noise-induced hearing loss up to some extent. People who work under the environment with loud sounds like carpenters, factory workers, musicians are at risk of developing it. Other factors that can lead to tinnitus are:

Ear blockage due to wax in the ear or infection

Benign tumour of the auditory nerve

Some drugs like aspirin, loop diuretics, antidepressants may cause it. Along with them, almost other 200 drugs cause tinnitus.

Ageing can also cause tinnitus because of deterioration of cochlea or other parts of the ear.

Otosclerosis- a condition in which abnormal growth of bone occurs in the middle ear

Meniere’s disease- a condition that causes dizzy spells

Injury to the head or neck




Autoimmune disease

Diseases of the heart and blood vessels

Thyroid disorders

What Are The Treatment Options For Tinnitus?

As such, there is no cure for tinnitus. But the healthcare providers may offer you symptomatic treatment depending on the severity of the condition.

Hearing Aids

The doctor may give hearing aids if you have tinnitus along with hearing loss. Since you will be able to hear better, you will feel less ringing in the ear.

Counselling Session

Counselling therapy may help you to cope with tinnitus. Through it, you will be able to distract yourself from the feeling of ringing in the ear.

Wearable Sound Generators

A sound generator is fitted in the ear that produces pleasant sounds that help in masking tinnitus.

Tabletop Sound Generator

You can place a sound-making device on your table that will make pleasant sounds like that of rainfall, chirping of birds, waterfall, etc. These sounds can help you in sleeping better.

Acoustic Neural Stimulation

It is used for people who have severe tinnitus, and they hear loud sounds continuously. It is a device that has headphones attached to it and delivers acoustics signals in the form of music.

Cochlear Implants

It can help those people who have a complaint of hearing loss along with tinnitus.


Your doctor may prescribe you antidepressants to help cope with your condition. As the continuous sound of ringing may affect your mood, antidepressants and antianxiety medicines may help with that.


Tinnitus can make it hard for you to sleep and concentrate on a task. It may hinder in your day to day activities and may also affect your mood.
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Attending counselling sessions may help you in coping up with the condition. If you have the complaint of tinnitus, visit an ENT specialist in Lahore.

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