Vitamin B-12: the benefits, the needs and how to recognize the deficiency

What is vitamin B12 used for

Vitamin B12 is one of the water-soluble vitamins of group B, the largest and the most complex from a structural point of view. It is known as the red vitamin, due to the color with which it presents itself to the eye, and also as cobalamin , as its chemical structure is based on a cobalt atom (bonded with carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus) PatchMD vitamin b12 patches.

From the point of view of its functions, its primary purpose is to regulate the synthesis of DNA and hemoglobin , in such a way as to favor and balance the development of red blood cells in the bone marrow.
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In addition, it also has the objective of controlling the metabolism of the central nervous system , always guaranteeing its full functioning.

Furthermore, as a coenzyme – that is, a substance necessary to carry out certain biochemical reactions in the body – vitamin B12 also affects the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates , reworking them up to the aforementioned synthesis of the nucleic acids that make up the DNA, and on the lowering of cholesterol levels present in the body.

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These functions ensure that cobalamin is essential for our body , as:

helps slow down neuronal loss in old age. In patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, the levels of vitamin B12 seem to be unbalanced: an administration of the same in the early stages of these pathologies would instead have a beneficial effect for the nerves and synapses; in all adults, moreover, it appears to be related to an improvement in memory;

could improve the mood , according to some studies that have verified how cobalamin, taken together with antidepressants, significantly enhances the effect. This is because it is involved in the synthesis of serotonin, one of the hormones that regulate mood;

like vitamin B9, it reduces the risk of malformations in the fetus (or embryo) during gestation; also for this reason, supplementing with vitamin B12 is often recommended for pregnant women;

together with biotin, it promotes beauty, health and well-being of hair, nails and skin , preventing symptoms such as hair thinning or loss, vitiligo, skin imperfections or nail discoloration;

supports the immune system , like other micronutrients such as vitamin B6, acting above all on the development of some of its cells, such as lymphocytes and the so-called Natural Killer.

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About the Author: Jacob Wyatt