A crest penetration testing methodology commonly referred to as a pen test, simulates a cyberattack on your information system to look for weaknesses that could be exploited. Penetration testing is frequently used to supplement a firewall in web-based application security (WAF).
In pen testing, various application systems, such as web servers and APIs, are breached to find weaknesses, such as unsterilized inputs that are vulnerable to code injection.
The vulnerability test’s findings can be used to polish your WAF security procedures and address any vulnerabilities.
Scouting and preparation first phase entail:
Defining a test’s objectives and scope, the systems it will test, and the techniques it will employ.
Gather information, such as network monitoring domain names and mail server information, to learn more about a target’s operations and potential weaknesses.
Knowing how the application will react to different intrusions is the next step. Usually, this is accomplished using:
Static analysis: Analyzing the source code of a program to predict how it will function when executed. These tools can scan the following code in a single blast.
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Dynamic analysis: Examining a running user’s code. This scanning is more beneficial because it gives a real-time view of an application’s functionality.
- How to Access
This stage involves identifying a target’s weaknesses via web application assaults such as cross-site programming, SQL injection, or DDoS. To comprehend the harm these flaws can do, testers attempt to exploit them, often by elevating their privileges, data theft, intercepting communications, etc.
- preserving access
This stage’s objective is to determine whether the flaw can be used to establish a firm hold in the exploited system—long enough for a malicious actor to obtain in-depth access. Advanced persistent threats, which can frequently stay in systems for months, are imitated to extract the most sensitive information from a company.
The penetration test’s findings are then put into a report with the following information:
Certain flaws that were exploited
Access to private information
how long does it take for the pen tester to stay hidden in the system
Security personnel examines this data to assist in configuring an enterprise’s WAF setting and other app security tools to fix vulnerabilities and defend against upcoming attacks.
Custom application firewalls and vulnerability scanning
WAFs and penetration testing are two different but complementary security techniques. Apart from blind and double-blind tests, the analyst will likely leverage WAF data, including such logs, to identify and exploit a user’s vulnerabilities in many pen testing scenarios.